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Akkusativ Case

Akkusativ Case

Akkusativ Case

We have earlier studied about the Nominativ case, the next case we will learn is the Akkusativ case. As we already know, unlike English language, the cases play a very important role in the German language. Akkusativ case has its own importance in the formation of a sentence.

In Akkusativ case, there is a direct Object in a sentence. The Object is being affected by the Verb. In Akkusativ, the Object forms the question of ‘What’ and ‘Who’. Lets revise the structure of a sentence:

Subject + Verb + Object.

Ich habe einen Hund.

Ich is the Subjekt

habe is the Verb , (conjugated by the subject ich)

einen Hund is the Direct Object.

Hund takes the artikel “der” (i.e. masculine), so ein has changed to einen (the article changes.

Here, the Object, Hund, also forms the question of What. For ex, What do you have?

I have a dog.

[For more info on change of articles, refer to Introduction on articles page]

Let us understand the Akkusativ case with the help of more examples:

In Akkusativ case, only the masculine Object is changed, feminine and plural remains the same.

Some examples of Akkusativ case are:

  1. Ich habe einen Brief. (einen Brief is the direct object, haben is the akkusativ verb).
  2. Ich lese einen Roman.
  3. Ich besuche meinen Onkel. / Ich besuche meine Tante. (Tante is feminine, soarticle has not changed).
  4. Ich rufe meinen Freund an.
  5. Lesen Sie bitte den Text laut.
  6. Den Salat möchte er nicht essen.
  7. Wie findest du den Film?
  8. Die Mutter sucht die Kinder. (Kinder is plural, so article has not changed).